Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint disease that results from the breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone. The most common symptoms are:
Other symptoms may include
Osteoarthritis commonly affects the hands, feet, spine, and the large weight-bearing joints, such as the hips and knees, although in theory, any joint in the body can be affected like
Osteoarthritis is believed to be caused by mechanical stress on the joint and low-grade inflammatory processes. It develops as cartilage is lost and the underlying bone becomes affected. As pain may make it difficult to exercise, muscle loss may occur. The condition similar to Osteoarthritis has been described as ‘Sandhigatavata’ in Ayurveda, in which the vitiated Vata afflicts the joints and causes destruction of the cartilages and reduction in the Synovial Fluid inside the joint capsule, leading to swelling which results into painful movement.
Based on the identifiable underlying cause, Osteoarthritis can be classified into
Primary, divided into 2
Less common and more aggressive inflammatory form of osteoarthritis which often affects the distal interphalangeal joints of the hand and has characteristic articular erosive changes on x-ray.
Secondary, based on joint affected,
The main symptoms are:
Osteoarthritis can cause a crackling noise (called "Crepitus") when the affected joint is moved, especially shoulder and knee joint. A person may also complain of joint locking and joint instability. Increased pain associated with cold temperature, high humidity, or a drop in barometric pressure. In smaller joints, such as at the fingers, hard bony enlargements, called Heberden's nodes(on the distal interphalangeal joints) or Bouchard's nodes (on the proximal interphalangeal joints), may form, and though they are not necessarily painful, they do limit the movement of the fingers significantly. In toes, Osteoarthritis may be a factor causing formation of bunions( deformity in which the big toe often bends towards the other toes and the joint becomes red and painful), rendering them red or swollen.
Mainly caused by
Risk factor is greater in those who are overweight, have one leg of a different length, and have jobs that result in high levels of joint stress.
Samshodhana Chikitsa is a specialized therapeutic approach of Ayurveda to eliminate toxins from the body by giving Panchakarma. It is usually followed by Shamana Chikitsa (Palliative therapy). But it should be decided by the physician according to the condition of the patient whether Shodhana therapy is indicated or not
Shamana (Palliative) treatment-Basically with Ayurvedic medicine
Build muscle strength to help support weak. Lie on the floor, upper body supported by your elbows. Bend your left knee, foot on the floor. Keep the right leg straight, toes pointed up. Tighten your thigh muscles and raise your right leg. Pause, as shown, for 3 seconds. Keep your thigh muscles tight and slowly lower your leg to the ground. Touch and raise again. Do two sets of 10 repetitions. Switch legs after each set.
Even if you have stiff or sore knees, walking may be a great exercise. Start slow, stand tall, and keep at it. You can ease joint pain, strengthen your leg muscles, improve your posture, and improve your flexibility. It's also good for your heart. Thirty minutes a day is a good goal. Start small, like with 10 minutes every other day. If you don't have pain, exercise more to meet the goal.
When you make a plan to tackle your knee osteoarthritis (OA), don't overlook the power of food. There's no specific diet that treats your problem, but you can get some big health benefits if you eat smart. You'll keep your weight under control, build strong cartilage, and cut some inflammation. You don't have to make a major overhaul to your diet. Follow these simple steps to keep your joints happy.